At the forefront of worldwide skyscraper activity, Kingdom Tower represents an unprecedented exercise that dares to go beyond the 1 kilometer threshold, a height that seemed only to exist in fantasy just years ago. With no other 1,000-plus-meter height contenders in sight, Kingdom Tower is poised to be the tallest building in the world upon completion and will stand as a pinnacle of skyscraper design and engineering. Inspired by a bundle of leaves shooting up from the ground, it is intended to emanate the growth, prosperity, and regional emergence of its homeland on the global stage, a role that many of the world’s tallest buildings have played in their respective locales.
The multivariate form of the tower is rationalized by a “Y”-shaped plan and a continuously smooth taper, which will significantly reduce structural loads by eliminating the need for the complicated outrigger transfers and belt trusses required in a setback approach. Furthermore, each wing of the tower will terminate at a different height, allowing them to taper at different rates and establish a distinct three-part spire. The supporting structure for the building is comprised entirely of castin- place reinforced concrete walls, coupling beams, and conventionally reinforced plate concrete floor framing. Due to the continuous and uninterrupted vertical nature of the walls, a highly efficient jump form system is utilized that will permit a continuous and uninterrupted construction process.
A series of balconies interrupt the smooth exterior, serving to provide both a cool outdoor element for occupants and shading for the tower’s surface, reducing direct solar radiation. At the very top, a massive penthouse will allow a tenant to reside at the crown of the building. Originally designed as a helipad, a circular sky terrace protrudes from the 157th floor, a feature that will be the highest of its kind in the world.
Completion Date: 2018 (expected)
Architectural Height: 1,000+ m / 3,281+ ft
Height to Tip: 1,000+ m / 3,281+ ft
Floors above Ground: 167
Floors below Ground: 2
Structural Material: Concrete
Primary Function: Residential / Serviced Apartments / Hotel / Office